Looking for a complete abs workout? Choose from these 20 core exercises, considered to be the best by top fitness pros.
Passé Abs Series
1 of 20All photos
"This move is one of my all-time favorite abs sculpting exercises," says Andrea Rogers, creator and founder of Xtend Barre who favors the move as part of a full abs workout. "It strengthens the abdominal muscles while developing stability of the pelvic lumbar region. You can also amp things up by increasing the tempo." Related: The Barre Studio Abs Workout Sculpts a Strong Core with No Equipment
To do it: Start seated, then lean back, resting weight on forearms (bending elbows behind body, fingers facing forward). Extend both legs straight out in front of body. Bend right knee into a ‘passé position’ by pointing right foot and pressing the inside edge of right foot along the inside of left knee. Draw abs in tight and lift legs off the mat and toward chest (maintaining passé position). Bring right knee to right side of chest and then lower legs (still in passé) back down, about two inches from the floor (or as low as possible). Repeat 8 times and then switch legs. Try to do 8 reps on each side, for up to 2 sets.
2 of 20All photos
"People generally look to the old faithful crunches or sit-ups as their favorite abdominal or core exercise. I'm more of a fan of something that is way more practical than lying on the ground straining your neck," says Declan Condron, a trainer, coach, and owner of Condron Fitness. (The barbell back squat is also one of the best strength exercises out there.)
"One of the main jobs of the abdominal or core muscles is to act as stabilizers for the trunk, helping to support while the person is squatting, lifting, or moving about in general. Many studies show that muscle fiber activation rates in the rectus abdominis, transverse abdominis, and internal and external obliques are higher during the squat than during many ‘traditional’ crunch type exercises where the performer is lying on their back." (Hence why this move is part of his complete abs workout.)
To do it: Stand with feet shoulder-width apart, with the barbell on the back of shoulders. Lower body toward the floor, sending hips back and down and bending knees. Push through heels to return to start position, keeping back flat and head up throughout the movement. Try to do 8 to 10 reps for 3 sets (resting 45 to 60 seconds between sets).
3 of 20All photos
"I have researched this move in my lab, and it is very effective at activating all of the abdominal muscles (the rectus abdominis, internal and external obliques, and the transverse abdominins), and yet the movement is very straightforward and does not require several steps or positions," says Michele Olson, Ph.D., a senior clinical professor at Huntingdon College in Montgomery, AL.
"This move is also great for learning how to breathe correctly when engaging the abdominal muscles in order to get a very deep and full activation of the abdominal wall, and the ‘up’ position of the legs during the entire exercise greatly limits any action of the hip flexors." (Breathing is just one way to get abs without doing tons of extra core work.)
To do it: Lie on the floor with arms extended above head and both legs lifted in the air at about a 45-degree angle. Inhale, roll head and shoulders off the mat, press ribs down toward hip bones and exhale, lifting entire upper body off the mat (keeping both legs up). At the top of the exercise, "land" arms so that the arms and legs are parallel to one another. Then, breathe "naturally" while holding the top/up position for two slow counts. Reverse the action by inhaling and then rolling back, shoulders, and head down onto the mat exhaling at the start position.
Towel Plank and Knee In
4 of 20All photos
"Fit and healthy abs should be able to resist external forces, flex, extend, and rotate, and this moves does all of these. You’ll also burn more calories because it uses more muscles than just the abdominals," says Marta Montenegro, C.S.C.S., an exercise physiologist and adjunct professor at Florida International University. Related: The Best Easy Abs Workout for Women
To do it: Start in a plank position with one small towel placed under each ball of foot, legs together. Bring left knee in toward the right side of chest, squeezing abs. Then, straighten right leg back out to full plank and bring right knee in toward the left side of chest and back out to full plank. Next, draw both knees into chest at the same time and then slide legs back out to full plank. That’s one rep. Build up to 3 sets of 12 to 15 reps (resting in between).
5 of 20All photos
If you don’t have time for a full ab workout (like this one from Emily Skye), you’ll want to do an exercise that links the legs, hips, glutes, shoulders, back, and abs together like this standing lift exercise does, says Pete McCall, C.S.C.S., an exercise physiologist for ACE Fitness.
To do it: Stand with feet hip-width apart and pressed firmly into the floor and hold a medicine ball (or another similar weighted object). Brace abs and use lower body to start the movement by bending knees, sitting back into hips, and reaching the ball down across the outside of left leg. Stand up, swinging arms across body and up to the right while pressing hips forward. Do 10 to 12 reps going from left hip to right shoulder, and then repeat on the other side.
6 of 20All photos
"This pose will strengthen the core and tone the abdominal muscles," says Tamal Dodge, founder of Yoga Salt, one of the most popular yoga centers in Los Angeles (read: it's the perfect addition to any complete abs workout and also part of the 10-minute abs workout the Tone It Up ladies swear by).
To do it: Sit with knees bent and together, feet slightly lifted off the floor. Reach arms forward and shift weight into sit bones, draw abs in tight, and lift chest. Try straightening legs as much as possible (forming a ‘V’ shape with body) and hold this pose for 30 seconds to 1 minute, with even breathing.
Side-to-Side Crunch and Weave
7 of 20All photos
A solid pick for any complete ab workout, this kickboxing-based move targets your entire waistline of muscles—your abdominal wall, side obliques, and lower back—all while keeping your lower body engaged. It also keeps you moving quickly to help you burn more calories during your abs training, says Guillermo Gomez, a fifth-degree black belt and founder of Martial Fusion (read: why every woman should add martial arts to her fitness routine).
To do it: Start with feet in a wide stance, knees bent, arms up on guard. Keeping lower body still, quickly lean upper body to the right, then come back through the center and lean to the left. Repeat lean back to the right. Next, lower upper body, from the right around to the left side, making a half circle with torso. Return to start position. That’s one rep. (Tip: It helps to keep a steady rhythm with this move, think—or say aloud—one, two, three, weave to help keep tempo). Repeat 10 times total, alternating starting on the right and left sides.
Reverse Curl and Lift
8 of 20All photos
"You’ll feel a burn like no other when you do this move," says Jari Love, a certified personal trainer, and creator of the Get RIPPED! full-body workout program. "It’s a great way to challenge your abs in a whole new way."
To do it: Lie flat on back with both hands behind head, legs extended out with heels lifted about six inches off the floor, toes pointed. Contract abs, bend and draw your knees into chest, and raise hips slightly off the floor. Slowly lower back to the start position. Repeat 8 times, for 3 sets total.
Inchworm to Side Plank
9 of 20All photos
Linda LaRue, a registered nurse, athletic trainer, and creator of the Core Transformer suggests adding this total-body move to a full ab workout because it engages your *core* (not just your abs). "Moves that involve trunk (your core) twisting best engage your transverse abdomens (the deepest muscles)."
To do it: Stand with feet hip-width apart, shoulders down, and abs drawn in. Hinge forward at waist and inch forward, walking with hands into a top-of-the-pushup (or plank) position. Hold plank for three seconds, being sure to keep chest lifted and belly button drawn into spine. Body should form a straight line from ears to ankles. Then, perform one pushup by bending elbows to the sides and lowering body toward (but not touching) the floor, maintaining a straight spine. Straighten back up to plank position and twist torso to the right, reaching right arm up to the ceiling, into a side plank position. Hold for three counts. Repeat the pushup and side plank to the other side. Then, walk hands back to body and stand up tall to start position. That's one rep. Repeat 6 times. Related: These Rotational Moves Will Sculpt Some Serious Obliques
10 of 20All photos
"This abdominal exercise is excellent for several reasons: It is an extremely functional exercise, it works your entire core region, front and back, while sculpting great-looking abs at the same time," says exercise physiologist Tom Holland, C.S.C.S.
To do it: Assume a pushup position, making sure body forms a straight line from shoulders down to toes. Raise right hand and left leg out to form a straight line with body, hold for two counts, then return to plank position and repeat with the other arm and leg. That’s one rep. Holland recommends doing 2 to 3 sets of 10 to 20 reps, several times per week for best results.
11 of 20All photos
"I love this exercise because it advances the plank in two ways: You're on a ball and you stress the core by moving the ball away from your body," says Rick Richey, personal trainer, orthopedic massage therapist, and co-founder of New York-based recovery studio ReCOVER. "You get to control how easy or difficult the exercise is by the distance of the ball from your body—I have done this for years and can still make it hard enough to fire up the abs." (Want more? Work these advanced stability ball moves for an extremely strong core into your next full ab workout.)
To do it: Kneel with elbows bent under shoulders on top of a stability ball. Draw abs in tight, keep weight in arms (chest lifted off the ball), and extend both legs out straight behind body, feet about hip-width apart. Maintain a straight line from head, shoulders, hips, knees, and feet. Once stabilized on the ball, slowly roll the ball away from body to increase the lever length and add stress on the abdominal region. For safety, go slowly and start with short movements in and out for 10 to 15 reps. When ready, progress how far away you reach and number of reps, Richey says.
The Pilates Roll Up with Ball
12 of 20All photos
The roll up is a classic Pilates mat move that's perfect for spinal articulation and strengthening the abdominals, says Tracey Mallett, a certified Pilates instructor based in Pasadena, CA. "This exercise is so effective because it teaches you not to rely on your bigger muscle groups (like your thighs) and focuses on using your abdominals correctly in a controlled manner without using momentum. The use of the ball gives you natural feedback of your weaker side so that you can adjust and work on symmetry of your musculature, preventing future injuries." Related: The Megaformer-Inspired Pilates Workout to Sculpt and Tone
To do it: Lie down with a small ball or pillow under heels, both arms extended over head, palms facing toward each other. Inhale to prepare as you lift head, neck, and shoulders off the floor and then exhale as you continue to roll up by drawing in abdominals, reaching up and over toward feet. Keep abdominals contracted, with spine rounded in a ‘C’ curve, and then inhale to prepare and exhale as you roll down through each vertebra in a controlled movement, keeping heels pressed evenly into the ball the entire way up and down. Do 15 reps.
Supine Oblique Ball Twist
13 of 20All photos
Add this move from Bryce Taylor, a trainer, physical therapist, and facility manager at Athletico in Indianapolis, IN into any complete ab workout: It will work your obliques much better than crunches.
To do it: Lie on back with arms out to each side in a ‘T’ shape, palms facing down. Position a stability ball between feet and extend both legs up toward the ceiling, just above hips, knees slightly bent. Gently squeeze into the ball, draw abs in tight, and press ribcage into the floor as you carefully move the ball to the right, lowering both legs towards the floor (only go as far toward floor as you can without dropping to the side). Press the ball back up to the ceiling and repeat to the left, alternating sides for one minute.
Reverse Press Up
14 of 20All photos
My personal favorite abs exercise is the reverse press up, because it targets the lower part of the transverse (deep) abs without any equipment," says Andre Farnell, C.S.C.S., a New York-based personal trainer.
To do it: Lie flat on back with both hands by your sides, palms facing down. Extend both legs up in the air above hips, keeping both knees slightly bent, feet flexed. Push upward with both feet at the same time, pressing heels toward the ceiling, lifting hips off the floor. Try for up to three sets of 15 reps.
Stability-Ball Plank Leg Lift
15 of 20All photos
Samantha Clayton, a former Olympic sprinter, and trainer with Herbalife Nutrition suggests adding this move to any complete ab workout because "the stress you put on all of your core muscles in order to stay in this position forces your abs to be contracted the entire time."
To do it: Get into pushup position with both hands on the stability ball directly below shoulders (feet can be slightly wider than shoulder-width apart for extra stability). Contract abdominals and try to bring body into a straight line from neck to toes (contract glutes and keep hips down). Once stable, lift right leg a few inches off the ground and hold for 10 seconds. Repeat on the other side. Try to do three sets of 10-second holds, and then advance to a 30-second hold. Related: The Ultimate 30-Day Plank Challenge for Your Strongest Core Ever
16 of 20All photos
"This is my favorite abs exercise because you don't tug at your neck like we sometimes do during mat work, and you don't need a lot of reps to get the job done. It works your balance too," says Ellen Barrett, a Pilates, yoga, and dance instructor. (Also: Try this no-equipment barre workout that combines yoga, Pilates, and cardio.)
To do it: Stand with feet planted 3 to 4 feet apart, toes slightly turned out, hands on hips. Lower into a plie by bending knees out over toes and lowering hips directly underneath shoulders. As you straighten back up, slowly lift right knee up toward right shoulder. As you go back into the plie, slowly return foot to the floor. Move at a controlled pace to engage the obliques. Do 10 reps on the right side, then another 10 reps on the left side for a total of 20.
17 of 20All photos
This targeted move from Lisa Hubbard, creator of Rhythm Pilates, really zeroes in on hard-to-tone oblique muscles and abdominal wall—something *every* complete ab workout needs.
To do it: Lie on back with hands interlaced behind head, knees bent, and feet hip-width apart on the floor. Inhale and lift chest toward knees, bringing shoulders and head off the floor, maintaining a neutral pelvis (keeping it parallel to the floor). Exhale and rotate to the right side, and then exhale again rotating even further, lifting a little higher. Next, inhale and lift as you return to the center and repeat to the other side. Do 8 to 10 reps per side.
Cross-Leg Reverse Crunch
18 of 20All photos
This move engages so many muscles—from the bottom region of pelvis upward—and works the obliques at the same time without straining your neck, says Joey Atlas, a personal trainer, and creator of The Atlas Way and FIT for LIFE private online training.
To do it: Lie on back with knees bent, feet flat on the ground. Bring both arms overhead and hold onto the bottom of the couch or a heavy medicine ball. Cross right ankle on top of left knee. Exhale and lift legs in (in the same cross-legged position) as close to chest as possible, lifting hips and lower back off the floor. Inhale and slowly return to the starting position. That’s one rep. Try for up to 15 reps with right leg, then repeat on the left.
19 of 20All photos
As a part of your full ab workout, this tough, unique plank variation from Cody Harter, owner of Harter Strength & Conditioning, will challenge your core and back—no water required. And if you want more, this high-powered plank workout will fire up your core.
To do it: Lie on stomach with upper body propped up on elbows and a dumbbell upright on the floor about six inches in front of chest. Tuck toes under and lift body into a full elbow plank, making a straight line from head to heels, drawing in abdominals. To start the move, lift right arm off the floor and use best freestyle stroke to reach over and past the dumbbell allowing hips to rotate into the stroke and turning through the balls of feet. Finish the full stroke before returning to elbow plank position. Repeat with left arm. That's one rep. Do 10 reps total, alternating sides each time.
20 of 20All photos
Stacy Berman, Ph.D., trainer, Reiki Master, and founder of Stacy's Bootcamp in New York City loves this plank move as part of a full ab workout. "You are going to work your upper and lower abs, obliques, and lower back," Berman says. "Walking the hands as far above your head as you can forces the core to work extra hard to stabilize."
To do it: Stand with feet hip-width apart. Bend knees slightly (or more if needed) and place both hands flat on the ground. Keeping legs extended and feet planted, walk hands away from body, as far past shoulders as possible, until you are in a full plank position. Hold for one count at the furthest point, and then walk hands back to feet and slowly return to standing. That’s one rep. Repeat up to 10 times.